Overview of kabaddi – the unique folk game in India

When I first saw kabaddi, many people would be surprised by its strangeness. It seems like a match but mixed in with the nature of a game.

On a rectangular yard, about 100m2 wide is divided into two equal parts, separated by lines in the middle of the yard. Each team on one side. A player of this team enters through the opposing court and touches one or more opposing players and then runs quickly to his team’s court.

In the opposite direction, the touched players immediately surround and arrest, not giving the opposing player a chance to return to the home field. The attacking player only has 30 seconds to touch the defending team and then withdraw, otherwise he will lose. The two sides keep alternating between attack and defense.

In kabaddi, the “single-handedly” to the opponent’s yard to touch them and find a way to run back. not being captured in addition to superior physical strength also requires mischief to create surprises, clever handling to not fall into the opponent’s control.

Of course, the defensive players also have pieces of coordination, sealing the entrance, or setting up bait to lure the attacking player into the net. It must be a battle of wits and constant transformation of the two sides, not merely a show of physical strength.

Kabaddi is a folk game of India, introduced to the countries of South Asia in the 1930s and transformed into modern kabaddi. Currently there are indoor kabaddi and beach kabaddi. Kabaddi in the indoor stadium on the soft carpet with each team of 7 people, 5 official and 2 in reserve.

Kabaddi beach playing on the sand, outdoors with 6 people on each side including 4 official and 2 in reserve. Each match in kabaddi has 2 halves, 15 minutes each and 5 minutes halftime. Kabaddi was present at Asiad 1998 and became a major competitor at Asian Indoor Games 2 held in Macao in 2007.


How is kabaddi in each particular area? (Part 1)


Typically a sport of Indian origin, Kabaddi has a presence across the entire length and width of the country. And although professionally, this sport has become popular in recent times, it does not lose the fact that the sport has been brought to world glory with an Indian connection. .

The international exposure the sport received during the 1936 Olympics was allowed courtesy Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal from Amaravati in Maharashtra. The game was introduced during the Indian Olympic Games in Calcutta in 1938.

The All-India Kabaddi Federation was established in 1950 while the Indian Kabaddi Federation (AKFI) was established in 1973. Under the auspices of AKFI, this sport has been included in the framework of several Official rules. The first male citizens were held in Madras (renamed Chennai) after the establishment of AKFI.

It was an Indian Sundar Ram, who introduced and popularized the game in Japan, when he visited the country in 1979 on behalf of the Kabaddi Asian Amateur Federation for two months to introduce the game there.


Bangladesh and India also had their first confrontation at Kabaddi competition in 1979. Incidentally, Kabaddi is now the national sport of Bangladesh, where a variation of a game called ha-du-du is very popular. Without any certain rules, du-du-du is played differently in different regions of the country.

1980 saw the first Asian Kabaddi Championship held, where India emerged as the champion, beating Bangladesh in the final. Other countries participating in the tournament are Nepal, Malaysia and Japan.

The game was included for the first time in the 1990 Asian Games in Beijing, where seven teams participated. Now it is played nationally and internationally around the world.

India has also been the champion in the three World Cups held so far.


In any form of sport, the Indian-Pakistani rivalry always produces great anticipation. And especially in a game of Kabaddi, originating from both countries, it is clear that the expectation and affection suddenly rise.

With a record 100% against Pakistan, India is undoubtedly the most admired opponent in the case of the game against its rivals. Victims of all eight games of the Asian Games and in the five games of the Round Style continue to create India’s supremacy over rivals in this sport.


Everything you need to know about Kabaddi (Part 2)


This is the internationally recognized version of Kabaddi. With two teams of seven members (plus the reserve 3 members) fighting on the battlefield, the game is played with a half minute of 20 minutes, with a break of half a minute of 5.

The size of the playing field varies for both male and female games – namely a field of 10 equals 13 for men and one of 8 equals 12 for girls.

During the ‘raid’ during each play, the offensive player, called the raider, ran into the defending team and tried to tag as many members as possible. All while being in the territory of the security team and also maintaining a continuous spell of K Kdidi.


For each tagged defender, a point is scored. Stepping over the reward line while in enemy territory will result in additional points to the raid’s team.

The defensive team scores when successful in stopping the raid’s progress.


Tagged players are declared out of the game, along with players who step out of bounds.

For each score scored from the card or the next deal, a player will be revived. However, there was no recovery compared to the bonus points.

If the entire team exits at the same time, the attacking team will score two bonus points.


An empty raid is one in which the raid does not score a point. On the other hand, a super raid is one in which the raider scored three or more points.


Two consecutive empty raids means that the next raid is in a state where a ‘do or die’ raid is required and a positive score is scored. Also, when the defending team has fewer than four players, the tackles are worth 2 points.


In the country that has witnessed the origin and evolution of Kabaddi as a sport for decades, this game is played in an easy-to-understand manner in most forms. However, there are four main variants that have been recognized by the amateur federation.